The Northern Territory is one of Australia's eight states and territories, and is located in the northern central part of the country. It is the third-largest of Australia's territories, with an area of nearly 500,000 square miles. The Northern Territory is known for its vast, sparsely populated landscape, which includes tropical rainforests, deserts, and rugged mountain ranges. The territory is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna, including many species that are found nowhere else in the world. The capital of the Northern Territory is Darwin, which is located on the Timor Sea and is the largest city in the territory. The Northern Territory is also home to many indigenous communities, who have lived in the region for thousands of years.